Joints are the points connecting the bones throughout our body. We all love to go for a walk with our pets, play sports or even run but damage to these joints may cause pain and even affect your movement. Joint problems are a very common problem in elderly people as our bones and joints start to become weak as we grow old.There are different joints in our skeletons which include shoulders, knees, hips, and elbows.
The medical word mostly used for joint pain is arthralgia. Joint pain may occur in one joint or even multiple joints at a single time. The pattern for pain in multiple joints at a time depends on the cause of the pain. Most if not all joints are mobile so that our skeleton doesn’t experience any problem in moving. There also different types of joints such as Fibrous, Cartilaginous, and Synovial.
There are 3 different types of joints in our body that include:
• Fibrous Joint
Fibrous joints are also known as Fixed or immovable joints because they do not move. They are connected by dense connective tissues which are mainly composed of collagen. Fibrous joints also do not have any kind of joint cavity.
• Cartilaginous Joint
Cartilaginous joints are only composed of collagen and allow movement rather than the Fibrous joints which are immovable but these are not as mobile as the highly mobile Synovial joint.
• Synovial Joint
A Synovial joint is also known as diarthrosis is the most common joint in our body as well as the most moveable joint in our body. A synovial joint contains a synovial cavity and dense irregular connective tissues. The synovial joint is also surrounded by a synovial capsule which acts as a shock absorber.
Joint pain problems are caused by many various reasons but one of the most common is injury. An injury that occurred at a joint could be a light injury or a serious one affecting movement. I was riding a bike and due to rain, it slipped and my leg got under the bike causing an injury to my knee which lasted for 3 months. Joint pain may also be caused due to various diseases and even infections. Lupus is a disease in which joint pain is the first known symptom. Knee pain is the most common type of joint pain but people may experience pain in other joints as well such as the hip, shoulder but it can occur anywhere from elbows to your legs.
Arthritis is also a common cause of joint pain. There are 2 different types of arthritis. Osteoarthritis mostly occurs in people over 40 years of age. It occurs when cartilage in our body breaks down. It grows slowly and affects the joints like wrists, hands, hips, and knees. The second type of arthritis is RA. It causes the deformation of bones over time. It is more common in women than men.
PRP was firstly only being used for surgeries since 1987 for the regeneration of cells in our body but until recently, it has been used for joint pain. More and more people have started using PRP as it’s showing promising results but experts are still unsure about its safety. Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP) is a new method that has proven to reduce pain from OA by using substances from the body’s blood to treat damaged tissues. PRP is a very new method and has shown really good results but for now, experts do not recommend it.
In this method, the doctors inject pro directly into the joint with hopes to reduce pain, improve its function and partially repair the cartilage. Experts are currently unsure how PRP help with OA but doctors think that PRP might do the following:
• Formation of a new cartilage
• Prevents inflammation and slows the process of OA
• Enhances the production of natural lubricating fluid in joints to ease painful joint friction.
• Insert proteins that may affect the pain receptors and reduce the feeling of pain.
Do you have questions about Joint Pain? You can find answers to the most frequently asked questions below
Many people lack vitamin D without even noticing it. A deficiency of vitamin D can cause damage to both mental and physical health.
You may feel more pain at the beginning as the sore area has to be swelled. The swelling of the sore area is required for the blood cells to help in healing for the long term.
If the joint pain is caused by an injury and if it is deformed, unable to use the joint, or intense pain, then you should see a doctor immediately.
There are many autoimmune diseases that may result in joint pain. These may include lupus, systemic scleroderma and polymyalgia rheumatic.
Omega-3 fatty acids which are mostly found in fish such as cod are the strongest anti-inflammatory supplements.
You can move around and do light tasks at home or outside but doctors usually recommend 2 weeks of rest of the targeted area.
Many foods like seeds, nuts, brassica vegetables, colorful fruits, olive oil, lentils and beans, garlic and root vegetables, and whole grains.
The pain mostly occurs on both sides of the body in joints. The joints make look inflamed and feel warm when touched.
Processed foods, salt, red meat, alcohol, and other foods may worsen arthritis.
Viruses such as HIV, parvoviruses, and the ones that cause rubella, mumps, and hepatitis B and hepatitis C can infect joints in people of all ages.
Coffee could benefit people with rheumatoid arthritis because of the anti-inflammatory properties of coffee.
Sugar and high-fructose corn syrup, artificial trans fats, vegetable and seeds oils, refined carbohydrates, excessive alcohol, and processed meats.